Wall Repair

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How to fix a hole in the wall using simple materials

Over the years, the cabin walls have accumulated quite a collection of holes. From electrical outlet cut-outs to old heating system vents, there were at least ten sizable holes in the interior cedar cabin walls.

The original owners used a variety of patches over the years to cover the deficits, but it was time to pull off the patches and fix them all for good. This discussion walks through a step by step approach to repairing holes in interior walls.

For the cabin walls, I was lucky to have a stock of the original cedar paneling boards to use as patch material. Finding a material that matches the thickness of the existing wall material is key, and what could be better than having the original material?

To fill the deficit around the patch, I use a solvent-based wood filler (like Plastic Wood®). I tried many types of wood filler and found the durability and short drying time of Plastic Wood hard to beat.

After the repair was dry and sound, I used an orbital sander attached to a vacuum to bring the repair flush to the wall. And finally, the repair was finished to match the existing walls – in my case latex paint.

The principal of repairing a wall with a braced patch plus sanded filler can be used to repair a variety of deficits in wall constructed from many different materials. Dry wall is repaired using the same process, just substitute a sheet rock patch and plaster for the wood patch and filler.

 

 

How to Repair a Wall – Preparation

Preparation and Materials

Project Overview

  • Level: Easy
  • Time: Hours
  • Cost: $20 – $50

Project Big Picture

  1. Brace defect.
  2. Patch defect.
  3. Apply Filler.
  4. Sand smooth.
  5. Finish to match wall.
Materials – Wall Repair
ItemWhat I usedCost
Wall PatchLeft over 1 in. cedar board (original paneling material)free
Plywood Scrap5/8 plywood scrap for bracecheap
Wood Filler$10 / 8oz
Wall Repair – Tools
ItemWhat I usedCost
Orbital Sander$50
Cordless Drill/Driver$180
Vacuum$450
Putty Knife$10
Screws$10 / 150 pc

How to Repair a Wall – Step by Step

  1. Assemble supplies and tools.

    Gather the wall repair supplies including; wall patch, brace material (plywood scrap works well), filler material, drywall knives, sanding supplies and paint or finish as needed to match the existing finish.

    Wall repair tools and supplies for wall patching - drill, driver, screws, plywood brace, material patch, filler, putty knife and orbital sander (not shown).

    Wall repair supplies and tools (sander not shown)

  2. Prepare wall hole for repair and install plywood brace.

    Remove any loose material from hole and hole edges. Drill pilot holes on two or more sides of the wall deficit to use to attach the bracing material placed behind the deficit.

    Next, pass bracing material through the deficit and position it flat against the back of the wall. The material should overlap the hole behind the wall enough to allow passing screws through the previously drilled holes into the brace – typically 1 -2 inches of overlap on both sides of the deficit is enough.

    After the plywood brace is in place, drill through the existing pilot holes to extend the pilot holes into the brace material (this will make passing the screws into the brace much easier).

    Then drive drywall screws through the pilot holes into the brace material to secure the brace. Overdrive the screws into the wall face by 1/8 – 1/4 inch to allow wood filler to cover the screw heads.

    Use a scrap piece of plywood as a brace to be secured to the back of the hole.

    Using a piece of scrap plywood mounted flush against the back side of the wall behind the hole as a frame for the patching material.

    Wall repair using plywood brace secured behind wall defect.

    Securing wall plywood brace behind wall defect using drywall screws.

  3. Cut and install wall patch material.

    Using a material of the same thickness (ideally, the same material) cut a patch to fill in most of the deficit. I was able to use the same cedar boards for the patches as I had a stock of several old boards removed in other parts of the house. The patch need not fit perfectly in the wall deficit, but should be flush with the wall surface.

    Cut a patch out of the same (or similar) material you are patching - the patch need not fit tight but should be flush with wall surface.

    Brace material fastened to backside of wall hole using drywall screws — notice counter sink of the screw head to allow for filler coverage.

  4. Secure the wall patch.

    Once the wall patch is in place, secure this patch by screwing it to the previously placed brace by drilling a pilot hole and then passing a screw. Again, countersink this screw head to allow for wood filler coverage.

    Drill pilot hole for wall patch material in preperation for fastening to brace.

    Securing wall patch material with a drywall screw. Overdrive the screw slightly to countersink of head to allow for coverage by filler.

  5. Clean patched hole and apply filler.

    Clean patched hole with vacuum or duster to prepare for the filler material.  Using a putty knife or similar, apply the filler and smooth with larger flat knife (I used a drywall joint knife).

    Smooth filler with drywall joint knife or similar.

    Apply filler material (Plastic Wood in this case) with drywall knife and smooth to surface of wall.

  6. Allow filler material to dry, then sand wall repair flat.

    Allow the filler to dry completely (check specific recommendations of the product you are using for drying times) before sanding. I used Plastic Wood® by DAP, which is a solvent based filler that dries very quickly — a few hours. Avoid using premixed water-based fillers intended for small holes repairs (Elmers®, ZAR® wood patch, etc.) as they intended for very small holes and tend to crumble in this type of application.

    Once the filler is completely dry, sand the surface of the filler smooth to match the surface of the existing wall. I used a 4″ orbital disk sander with 120 grit paper. To help keep dust down, I attached a vacuum to the orbital sander. The vacuum attachment works great and helps hold the sander to the surface of the repair.

    Near finished with sanding wall repair.

    Using an orbital sander attached to a shop vacuum to flatten and finish the wall repair.

  7. Clean sanded repair and apply finish.

    After sanding, clean the repair thoroughly. Next, finish with paint or a finish to match that of the existing wall. If painting, use the same applicator (brush, roller, specific roller cover, etc.) to match the existing finish.

    Second (finish) coat of paint over repair.

    Complete wall repair with finish to match existing wall finish.

 

Wall Repair Image Gallery

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Originally published February 8, 2014 by Cabin DIY

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